Diamonds Buying Guide
Diamond purchase is a very confusing process if not properly equipped with all the knowledge. Everyone has heard of the four Cs (Cut, Color, Clarity and Carat Weight) but not everyone understands how each one affects the diamond or the price. Besides the four Cs there is one more C that affects your diamond purchase, Certification.
Most people confuse cut with the shape of the diamond. Cut refers to the dimensions of the diamond (the depth, width, table, girdle, etc., ). Diamonds can be cut to maintain weight (usually fair to poor cutting) or to maintain brilliance and light. Diamonds cut to near perfect proportions get the maximum brilliance, fire, light and sparkle.
Color of a diamond refers to the saturation of color in the diamond. More color present in the diamond means that some of the colors will be filtered out when the light is reflected back thus lessening the fire in the diamond. Colorless diamonds are rarer to find and more appealing to the eye and as such more valuable.
Diamond Clarity refers to the presence or absence of internal and external flaws and blemishes. Diamonds without any flaws and blemishes are rarer to find and more expensive. Most diamonds have some inclusions or blemishes. These are either natural (trace of other minerals) or occur while mining and cutting.
Diamond Carat Weight
Carat weight for most people is the last deciding factor in buying the diamond. Once you know what cut, color, clarity you want the only thing to decide is your budget and find a size that falls in your range. Like all other Cs the larger sizes are rarer and thus the prices are higher for these stones. Carat Weight Facts:
1 Carat = 1/5 gram
1 Carat = 0.007 oz
Certification is not to be confused with appraisals. Any jeweler can appraise the diamond using the metrics set forth for the 4Cs and his/her own experience. Certification is a report issued by an accredited independent gemological laboratory after the diamond has been put through extensive scrutiny. Certified Gemologists analyze every aspect (color, clarity, cut, carat weight, dimensions, fluorescence, and all other characteristics) of the diamond under a microscope.